TRACING OUR ANCESTORS #10
THE COMING OF BRUTUS
The coming of Brutus the Trojan in 1103 B.C. is the first
recorded arrival of a known body of people in England. For a
thousand years previously his kinsmen, the Aryan-Phoenicians, had
settled in the Western Isles, but, besides their stone monuments,
and their names, we have only traditional records of them. As the
Phoenician language had no vowels, Brutus is only another form of
Brat or Brit-sh--the covenant man, as explained in our fifth
The story line is the reatest romance of all history,
ancient and modern, as we shall see before we finish this book.
For the beginning of that story we have to go back to the
38th chapter of Genesis, which gives us a not very inspiring
account of the doings of Judah and the peculiar circumstances
under which his two sons, Zarah and Pharez, were born. Yet "God
moves in a mysterious way His wonders to perform," and often He
uses the depravity of men to accomplish His own purpose. From
that ignoble union of Judah and his daughter-in-law, Tamar, came
the line of Judah-Pharez that was to bring forth the kings of the
House of David and the Messiah, and the line of Judah-Zarah that
has furnished the world with kings until this day.
In Genesis 38:27-30, we find recorded the birth of those
twin sons of Judah:
"And it came to pass in the time of her travail, that, behold,
twins were in her womb. And it came to pass, when she travailed,
that the one put out his hand: and the midwife took and bound
upon his hand a scarlet thread, saying, This came out first. And
it came to pass as he drew back his hand, that, behold, his
brother came out! And she said, 'How hast thou broken forth? this
breach be upon thee': therefore his name was called Pharez. And
afterward came out his brother, that had the scarlet thread upon
his hand: and his name was called Zarah."
The circumstances connected with the birth of the twins, may
appear at first sight a coincidence, yet, if we review them in
the light of the destiny that has followed the descendants of
those twins, we can but see in them the hand of the Almighty.
As Judah was the Royal family of Israel, and the midwife
apparently knew that twins were to be born, it was essential that
the law of primogeniture be strictly observed, and the first-born
be definitely marked, as he would be the heirapparent. Around the
first hand that presented itself she fastened a scarlet thread;
yet that hand was withdrawn and the other child was born first.
Him she named Pharez, i.e., "a breach," and the other one Zarah,
which is variously translated as "seed" or "sunrise." With the
line of Pharez, Hezron, Jesse, Scripture deals; its descendants
are traced from I Chronicles 2:9 and onward, and we shall return
to them in Chapter XII.
DARDA OF ZARAH
We are concerned, for the present, only with the line
Judah-Zarah. I Chronicles 2:6 gives Zarah's sons as Zimri,
Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara. Evidently those boys occupied a
prominent station in life, and became renowned for their wisdom,
which almost matched that of Solomon's for we read in I Kings 4:
31 concerning Solomon: "For he was wiser than all men; than Ethan
the Ezrahite, and Heman, and Chalcol, and Darda, the sons of
Mahol: and his fame was in all nations round about." Notice that
Dara is here called Darda. Of the first three names history and
Scripture lose sight, except that the names of Heman and Ethan
appear at the headings of the 88th and 89th Psalms. But of Calcol
and Darda history and tradition inform us that they carried on
the line of the Scarlet Thread unto this day. That Scarlet Thread
has become a byword with us: every one of us refer to it at times
when we speak of "red tape;" yet very few know of the origin of
the phrase. This Scarlet Thread A Zarah, the Red Branch of Irish
history, we shall follow in Chapter XII.
With Darda alone we are concerned in this chapter. Darda is
called Dardanus by Josephus or Darius by various Trojan
genealogies. It was he who founded the city and kingdom of Troy
thirty-four years before the Exodus of Israel. (Petavius'
History of the World, as cited by L. G. A. Roberts.) The
Dardanelles still commemorates his name; yes, even one of the
Turkish forts on the Asiastic side of the Dardanelles is named
Dardanus. As the Exodus took place in 1486 B.C. (both by
Scriptural and Egyptian data), the founding of Troy, therefore
must have occured in 1520 B.C. at the latest.
The Windsor Castle MS Genealogy and the ancient Iclandic
Langfedgatal (as quoted by Sharon Turner and the W.M.H.
Milner) give the descendants of Dardanus as Erichtonius, Troes,
Ilus, Laomedan, Priam, Hector, Astynax, and Polydore, according
to Ariosto's "Orlando Furioso" and Anderson's "Royal
Genealogies," as quoted by the Milner. To the readers of Homer's
"Iliad," the names of Priam, king of Troy, and Hector are
Troes, the grandson of Dardanus, had a second son,
Assaracus. His descendants were Capys, Anchises, and Aeneas,
another Trojan hero.
At this stage of our narrative, it is well to draw attention
to the fact that, as Darda or Dardanus was one of the five sons
of Zarah, who again was one of the twin sons of Juduh, besides
Shelah, we can rightfully say that Darda's descendants represent,
therefore, a large percentage of the tribe of Judah, none of
which ever entered the land of Palestine. In Chapter XII we shall
refer to the descendants of Calcol, representing another branch
of the tribe of Judah. A large portion of Judah are therefore
descended from those two men. A study of the Milner's
"Genealogical Chart" will show that most of the royal
houses of Europe, and the multitudinous lines that have branched
off from them in the course of over three thousand years, are of
the tribe of Judah; and none of them are Jews. "Judah is a lion's
whelp," said the dying Jacob. Every noble house of Europe that
has a lion on its coat of arms is descended from that line.
"Judah, thou art he whom thy brethern shall praise; thy hand
shall be in the neck of thine enemies: thy father's children
shall bow down before thee."
To Judah belonged the Scepter, and the sons of Judah have
held a good many scepters, ruling over the descendants of the
other twelve tribes. So far we are not yet dealing with the line
of Pharez that entered Palestine, from which descended the Jews
after the division of Solomon's kingdom, and the house of David,
which end its temporal rule in Palestine with Jehoiachin and
Zedekiah in 585 B.C.
The escape of Aeneas with his son Ascanius to Italy and the
subseque story of the adventures of his great-grandson Brutus are
related to us in the Old British Chronicles. These are handed
down to us through Latin translations made by the Christian
British scholars: Gildas Albanius of the 5th century A.D.,
Nennius of the 9th century, and Bishop Geoffrey of Monmouth, who
lived about 1150 A.D. Our extract quoted is Geoffrey's version,
translated from the Latin into English by A. Thompson of Oxford
in 1718 A.D., and reproduced by J.Giles into modern English. Our
text is taken from Prof. Waddell's book and includes, in
brackets, Prof. Waddell's explanations:
"After the Trojan war, Aeneas, fleeing with Ascanius from their
destroyed city, sailed to Italy. There he was honourably received
by King Latinus, which raised against him the envy of Turnus,
King of the Rutuli, who thereon made war against him. Engaging in
battle, Aeneas got the victory, and killing Turnus, obtained the
kingdom of Italy (Latinm); and with it Lavinia, the daughter of
Latinus. After his death Ascanius, suceeding to the kingdom,
built Alba on the Tiber, and begat a son named Sylvius, who ...
took to wife a niece of Lavinia ... and had a son called
At length, after fifteen years were expired, the youth
accompanied his father in hunting, and killed him accidently by
the shot of an arrow .... Upon his father's death he was
expelled from Italy, his kinsmen being enraged at him for so
heinous a deed.
Thus banished, he went into Greece, where he found the posterity
of Helenus, son of Priamus, kept in slavery by Pandrasus, King of
the Greeks. For, after the destruction of Troy, Pyrrhus, son of
Achilles, had brought hither in chains Helenus and many others;
and to revenge on them the death of his father, had commanded
that they be held in captivity. Brutus, finding they were, by
descent, his old countrymen, took up his abode among them, and
began to distinguish himself by his conduct and bravery in war,
so as to gain the affection of kings and commanders; and above
all the young men of the country ... His fame spreading over all
countries, the Trojans from all parts began to flock to him,
desiring, under his command, to be freed from subjection to the
Greeks ... There was then in Greece a noble youth named
Assaracus, a favourer of their cause, for he was descended on his
mother's side from the Trojans ... Brutus having reviewed the
number of his men and seen how Assaracus's castles lay open to
him, complied with their request." [It is then related that
Brutus fought a battle with the army of Pandrasus at the river
Akalon, and eventually routed the enemy and captured the king and
extracted from the latter his consent for the Trojans to depart
from Greece, provided with the ships and provisions necessary for
this purpose and "gold and silver," as well as the hand of his
beautiful daughter Ignoge for Brutus.] ... "He (Pandrasus)
accordingly delivered to the Trojans three hundred and
twenty-four ships, laden with all kinds of provisions and gold
and silver, and married his daughter to Brutus."
The Trojans, now released from his (Pandrasus) power, set sail.
... The winds continued fair for two days and a night together,
when at length they arrived at a certain island called Leogecia
[Leugas, the modern Leucas, about 35 miles south of the Acheron
River of Epirus], which had been formerly wasted by pirates and
was then uninhabited ... In it was a desolate city in which
they found a temple of Diana and in it a statue of that goddess,
which gave answers to those that came to consult her ... Then
they advised their leader to go to the city, and after offering
sacrifices, to enquire of the deity of the place what country was
allotted to them for their place of settlement ... So that
Brutus, attended by Gerion the augur and twelve of the oldest
men, set forward to the temple. Arrived at the place, and
presenting themselves before the shrine with garlands about their
brows, as the ancient rites required, they made three fires to
the three deities, Jupiter, Mercury and Diana, and offered
sacrifices to each of them. Brutus himself, holding before the
altar of the goddess a consecrated vessel filled with wine and
the glood of a white hart, prayed:
'Goddess of Woods, tremendous in the chase
To the mountain boars and all the savage race! Wide o'er the
ethereal walks extend thy sway, And o'er the infernal mansions
void of day! Look upon us on earth! unfold our fate,
And say what region is our destined seat? Where shall we next thy
lasting temples raise? And choirs of virgins celebrate thy
After repeating this prayer, he took four turns round the altar,
poured the wine into the fire and then laid himself down upon the
hart's skin, which he had spread before the altar, where he fell
fast asleep. In the night, in his deep sleep, the goddess
seemed to appear before him and thus responded:
'Brutus! there lies beyond the Gallic bounds an island which the
western sea surrounds, By giants once possessed; now few remain
to bar thy entrance, or obstruct thy reign. To reach that happy
shore thy sails employ; There fate decrees to raise a second
Troy, And found an empire in thy royal line
Which time shall ne'er destroy, nor bounds confine.'
Awakened by the vision they set set sail again and after a
course of thirty days came to Africa. From thence they came to
the Philenian Altars, volcanic sunken rocks east of Carthage and
to a place called Salinae [port Selmus in S.W. corner of
Sicily], and sailed between Ruscicada [Ras Sidi (all-el-mekki)
Cape at what was later Carthage Bay], and the mountains of Azara
[the Auza Mts.in Algeria}, where they underwent great dangers
from pirates, whom they nevertheless vanquished and captured
their rich booty.
From thence, passing the river Malua [Wady Mulaye, west of Oran,
forming the east frontier of Morocco] they arrived at Mauretania
[Morrocco], where, for want of provisions, they had to go ashore.
... When they had well stored their ships, they steered to the
Pillars of Hercules ... and came to the Tyrrhenian Sea [Gulf of
the Tyrian-Phoenician city of Gades or Cadiz]. Upon its shores
they found four several clans descended from the banished Trojans
who had accompanied [the Trojan Phoenician] Atenor in his flight.
The name of their commander was Duke Corineus, a modest man in
council, but of great courage and boldness, who could overthrow
even gigantic opponents. When they learned from whom he was
descended they joined company with him and those under his
government, who from the name of their leader were afterwards
called the 'Cornish' people."
We omit the next paragraph, which deals with Brutus'
adventures in Aquitaine, where he met with reverses.
"Brutus, afflicted to observe the number of his forces daily
lessening, while that of the enemy increased ... at last
determined to return to his ships while the greater part of his
followers was yet safe and hitherto victorious, and to go in
quest of the island the goddess had told him of. So, with the
consent of his company, he repaired the fleet and loading it with
the riches and spoils he had taken, set sail with a fair wind
to the promised land, and arrived on the coast of Totnes.
The island was then called Albion, and was inhabited by a few
'giants.' Notwithstanding this, the pleasant places, plenty of
rivers abounding in fish, and its pleasing woods made Brutus and
his company desirous to fixe their habitation in it. They
therefore passed through all the provinces, forced the 'giants'
to fly into the caves of the mountains, and divided the country
among them according to the directions of their commander.
After this they began to till the ground and build houses, so
that in a little time the country looked like a place long
inhabited. At last Brutus called the island after his own name
'Brit-ain,' and his companions 'Brit-ons' ... from whence
afterwards the language of his nation, which at first bore the
name of Trojan [Doric] or rough Greek, was called 'British.'
But Corineus, in imitation of his leader, called that part of
the island which was given to him as duke, 'Corinea' and his
people 'Corinene' [Cornish men], after his own name; for though
he had his choice of provinces before all the rest, yet he
preferred this country [Corn-wall}, which is now called, in
Latin, 'Cornubia.' For it was a diversion to him to encounter the
said 'giants,' which were in greater numbers there than in all
the other provinces ...
Brutus, having thus at last set eyes upon his kingdom, formed
the design of building a city, and with this view travelled
through the land to find a convenient site. And coming to the
river Thames, he walked along the shore and at last pitched upon
a place fit for his purpose. Here he built a city which he called
'New Troy,' under which name it continued for a long time after,
till at last, by corruption, it came to be called 'Tri-Novantum.'
But afterwards, when Lud, the brother of Cassibellaun, who made
war against Julius Caesar, obtained the government of the
kingdom, he surrounded it with stately walls and towers and
ordered it to be called after his own name, 'Kaer-Lud,' that is,
the 'City of Lud.'
After Brutus had finished building the city, he made choice of
the citizens who were to inhabit it, and prescribed them laws for
their peaceable government ... At the same time also, the sons
of Hector, after the expulsion of the posterity of Anterior,
reigned in Troy; as in Italy did Sylvius Aeneas, the son of
Aeneas, the uncle of Brutus, and the third king of the Latins.
During these events Brutus had by his wife Ignoge three famous
sons, named Locrin, Albanact and Kamber. These, after their
father's death, which happened in the twenty-fourth year after
his arrival, buried him in the city which he had built; and then,
having divided the kingdom of Britain [excepting Cornwall] among
them, retired each to his government. Locrin, the eldest,
possessed the central part of the island, called afterwards from
his name 'Loegria,' Kamber had that part which lies beyond the
river Severn, now called Wales, but which was for long named
'Kambria,' and hence the people till call themselves in
their British tongue 'Kambri.' Albanact, the country he called
'Albania,' now Scotland."
End of quote
Such is the account that the Old British Chronicles give us
of the adventurous coming of Brutus to Albion, naming the country
after himself - Brutus-land, or Land of the Brits--Brit-ain,
which we have seen means in the Phoenician "Covenant Land," as
explained in a previous chapter. As mentioned previously, the
coming of Brutus and also the historicity of the Old British
Chronicles have been made light of and even rejected by modern
critics; yet the testimony of several ancient British monuments,
coins, and other substantial evidences, as shown by Prof.
Waddell, establish the coming of Brutus, as well as the other
rejected details of the British Chronicles, as reliable history.
When reading our extract of the British Chronicles,
allowances have to be made for the fancies of the ancient
primitive and romantic minds to have their play; as for instance,
"The Vision" of Brutus at the Temple of Diana. The latter goddess
is, as shown by Waddell, a Grecian form of the tutelary goddess
Britannia, to whom the ancient Phoenicians appealed for good
luck; hence the Roman form of Fortuna. As the account states,
Diana appeared to Brutus only in a dream, Diana's or Britannia's
answer and,prophetic blessing we have to accept, in the light of
what has hitherto been told and what will further be disclosed in
these chapters, as a paganized version of the prophecies relating
to the destiny and mission of God's Covenant People Israel, the
Barat-Phoenicians of the monuments and inscriptions - the British
or Celto-English-Saxon race of the latter days.
Chronicell writes in his thirteenth chapter:
"The ancient tradition was thus handed down in writing from
generation to generation by the Britons, who, we shall find, were
familiar with writing long before their arrival in Britain.
And, as usual, it would be modernized from time to time into the
vernacular of the period by later transcribers, just as modern
writers modernize Chaucer and the early versions of the Arthur
Legend. This tradition was universally regarded as genuine
history down till about a century ago. The Brut or 'Brutus'
tradition was current mearly Welsh bardic literature and formed a
class styled 'The Bruts,' including Layamon's. And Geoffrey's
version was a mine from which our great poets and dramatists have
drawn materials and inspiration for many of their romances on
British life in the pre-Roman period, such as Shakespeare's 'King
Lear' and 'Cymbeline.'
The arbitrary rejection of these traditional Ancient British
Chronicles as a source of pre-Roman British History by modern
writers since about a century ago, is based upon a kind of
objection and mere dogmatic assertion, which, if applied to early
Greek and Roman History and to the Old Testament tradition, would
equally entail their total rejection also ...
Nor is the alleged objection that there is no classic Greek or
Roman reference to the name of King Brutus, even were it true,
which it is not, sufficient grounds for rejecting the
circumstantial British tradition regarding him. There is no
classic reference to the Aryan ancestors of the historical Greeks
nor to the names of the other descendants of Aeneas, that, Homer
states, revisited and re-occupied Troy in the dark period
following its sack and destruction by the Achaians. Nor is there
any classic Greek or Roman reference to any of the Jewish
patriarchs, prophets and kings or even to the Hebrews
End of quote
Prof. Waddell's testimony, as given above, is the result of
many years' study, both in the East and in Europe; where he
has,been busy collecting the inscriptional evidence upon which
his conclusions are based. Unfortunately, however, Prof.
Waddell's attitude toward Sacred Scripture does not seem to be very
reverential. As he is possessed like most people with that common
malady, the "Jewish Complex," he is unaware of the true history
and destiny of Israel, calling them the Jews; and therefore he
is oblivious to the fact that his Barat-Phoenicians and most of
his Catti-Phoenicians were none other than the seagoing
Israelites, who became the great colonizing race of the world,
the carriers of the Aryan civilization to Britain and other parts
of Europe, and who, in our era, were destined to be the
propagators of Christianity and all it has meant to mankind.
"The place of the landing of Brutus in Alban is stated to have
been Totnes, in the sound of the Dart in Devon; and it is in
keeping with the fateful fitness of things that the first harbour
selected by the great admiral Brutus and his early Phoenician
Britons for their first British fleet in Alban's waters should
have latterly been the favourite resort of the British 'sea-dog'
Sir Walter Raleigh, and be the location of the 'Britannia'
training ship for our navy of the modern empire of Britain. There
still exists at Totnes, on the fore-shore street, the traditional
stone called 'Brutus Stone' (which I have seen) with the local
tradition that upon it Brutus first set foot when landing in
Mr.E.O.Gordon in his book, "Prehistoric London," page 108,
tells us: it is at Totnes on the Dart, twelve miles inland
Torbay, the oldest seaport in South Devon, that we find the
surest proof of the personality of Brutus in a custom handed down
from time immemorial, and last observed May 6,1910, when the
Mayor read the Proclamation of King George standing upon a
granite boulder of the principal street (Fore Street) leading up
the steep ascent from the river to the Westgate of the town. Over
this venerable relic hangs a sign inscribed: 'This is Brutus'
Stone,' the tradition being that on this stone the Trojan prince
set foot, when he landed in Britain some few years after the fall
of Troy 1185 B.C.
To be continued